ѺӺѭ Ǩͺѭ ҧкѭ ¹ѷ: 2 طҤ


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ըҡ͹ԷѧѾóռѺФ㹡͹
ë͢ѧѾ շǢͧ» Թ ոáԨ੾ ҡʵ ͡ҡ ѧդҸ͹ ŤǢͧºҧó óռ 繼СͺáԨѧѾѧѾբͧѺ١ҹҨеͧŤ ѧ ͹зӡë͢ 駼м¨֧è֡Ң͡˹ҧ ͤӹdzӹǹԹշеͧ١ͧ

ըҡ͹ԷѧѾóռѺФ㹡͹

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     ë͢ѧѾ շǢͧ» Թ ոáԨ੾ ҡʵ ͡ҡ ѧդҸ͹ ŤǢͧºҧó óռ 繼СͺáԨѧѾѧѾբͧѺ١ҹҨеͧŤ ѧ ͹зӡë͢ 駼м¨֧è֡Ң͡˹ҧ ͤӹdzӹǹԹշеͧ١ͧ

     ɮҡ Թ ոáԨ੾ ҡʵ « Թ˹ҷͧ ǹҸ ͹ ҵ 457 觻šоҳԪ ˹ ֧͡ҡѹͧ ѭҨŧѹҧ

     繴ѧջѭҷ辺 㹷ҧԺѵ 駷ҡ繢繢 ЪҪѧѾçúҹѴõҧ Ҩ繺ҹ ҹὴ ǹ Ҥêش͵֡ աͧ¹ӹѡҹСäͧ «Ңͧçѡ繼ФҸ ҡ Ф㹡͹Է 觼ҡá˹͹䢴ѧѭ繡üѡФ·Ѻ繸 ҡóշӹͧѧ ¹֧ͧ繻繷Ǣͧҹҧ㹺ػӤѭ ʹ 3 ó

     1. óաâѧѾ ͵ŧѭѺҡ Ҹ͹ Фµҧ ҡ͹Է 觡á˹͹䢴ѧѭ繡üѡФ·Ѻ繸 ҧ

     2. óռ繼¤Ҹ 㹡͹Էǹ ѺԴͺͧ«觤èеͧФ¹ еͧҶԹ֧Թͧ´

     3. óռ繼Թ Ҹè¹ԷйԵԡ ᷹µբ͵ŧѭҫ͢ѭҨЫͨТ ҨաóժԹѧաú͡ԡѭҨЫͨТѭҫ͢ óչ ͨ繼ԷԢͤ׹ԹҡԹҸǹ᷹ͧ ҧ

     ͧ еͧӤͧ͹ԷѧѾ ҡ÷ǡѺѧѾѭѵ觻ɮҡ 4 դ ԹؤŸ ԹԵԺؤ ոáԨ੾ ҡʵ 㹺 С§੾㹢͡·鹻ɮҡѡ ֡һСͺѺšоҳԪ ǷҧӾԾҡŮա ǻԺѵԢͧþҡ§ҷ㹡ҧԧ ͨǷҧ㹡֡зҺ֧˵ؼŢͧһѭҷ Դ鹹鹢Ѵ͡繸 ҧ

     ͹蹵ͧӤͧͧͺѾ 繢ͺѭѵ㨶֧ФʧͧһʧդҧҧҧӡѴҡ§ §ҧѭ 仨о֧㨡ѹҹ ѧ繵ǡ˹㹡õդŤҹ ˵ط躷ѭѵ㹻ɮҡ˹ԸաäӹdzҡФ¢ͧ¤ӷл 駷繺» ੾Ѻջ˹觻

     ѧ ֧繵ͧ㹺¡͹ ͡Ƕ֧ҹ鹨㹤ǡѹ 㹷¹Ժ¡੾Т͡·ǢͧѺѹɮҡлšоҳԪ ǹͤФǹǡѺš·Թ к੾ҵҷǢͧҹ

      1.·Ǣͧ

         1.1 ɮҡ

               1.1.1 ҵ 39 繺价ѧѺԹؤŸԹ
ԵԺؤ

                      
"" ¤֧ ½ҡ š¹ ͹ԷԷԤͺͧѧѾ ҴԸҨդҵͺ᷹ ֧

                       (1) š¹ ͹ԷԷԤͺͧѧ-ѾǹҪѰˡԨѷҧǹԵԺؤ ѡࡳ ͹ ҤŤҵ˹¾Ҫɮա

                       (2) ͹·ҧôҷ 觡ԷԷԤͺͧѧѾ

     ҡѧ "" ҵ 39 觻ɮҡ դ¡ҧҷѭѵ㹡 оҳԪ Ǥ͹͡ҡ¶֧µšоҳԪ ѧ¤件֧ѭҢ½ҡ š-¹ ʹ駡áзӻС˹觻С ѹ˵ԷԷԤͺͧѧѾ鹵繢ͧؤҡó ºؤżؤ蹡зӢ鹡 ԴҡŢͧ ӹ֧ҡóմѧǹ鹨Ѻҵͺ᷹Ѻҵͺ᷹1

              1.1.2 ҵ 91/1 繺ѭѵ੾ոáԨ੾

                      "" ¤֧ ѭҨТ ½ҡ š¹ ҫ ͨ˹ ͹ Ҩջªͺ᷹ (͡ҡ֡ҾҪɮա (Ѻ 342) .. 2541 Сͺѹ仴)

        ѭѵҵ 91/1 ҵ 91/2 觻ɮҡ ¤ ûСͺԨâѧѾ繷ҧҡҪҳҨѡ ͧոáԨ੾еѡࡳ Ըա ͹䢵˹¾Ҫɮա (Ѻ 342) .. 2541 ¤ "" ոءԨ੾йդ¡ҧҤ "͢" ҵ 453 觻šоҳԪ ¶֧͹Է㹷ѾԹդҵͺ᷹ "" ոáԨ੾й ͡ҡ¶֧ë͢µҵ 453 觻šоҳԪ ѧ¤֧è˹ ͹Է 㹷ѾԹԵԡѭһҧ 駹 Ҩդҵͺ᷹2

       1.2 šоҳԪ

           (1) ҵ 149 ѭѵ "Եԡ ¤ ѹŧªͺ¡дѤ µç͡ ١ԵѹҧؤͨС ¹ŧ ͹ ʧǹ ЧѺԷ"

           (2) ҵ 457 ѭѵ "ĪҸѭҫ͢¹ ¾֧͡ҡѹͧ"

          (3) ҵ 150 ѭѵ "ѵػʧ繡õͧѴ¡ 繡þ
繡âѴͤʧºŸѹբͧЪҪ ù⦦"

          (4) ҵ 151 ѭѵ "繡ᵡҧѺѭѵԢͧ ѹǡѺʧºŸѹբͧЪҪ ù⦦"

                • ;ԨóͧҾ㹡÷ѭ

           - Ҿ㹡÷ѭ ¶֧Ҿͧ͡ѹѭͧ˹Եѹ㹪ԵШѹͧ Ҿ㹡÷ѭҹѺǹ˹觢ͧҾҧѾԹҾ仢ͧؤ ¡աҧ˹ӹҨТͧ͡ (private autonomy) ѡҾ㹡÷ѭӹҨТͧ͡ ͧѺͧҾ㹡áзӢͧ͡Ф١ӡѴҾͧؤŹͧ 㹡á˹Եѹҧؤͧ 㹡õŧ͢ ͵ŧҧӢͧҧѹ ԵѹԴҨԴ鹨ҡá˹鹵㨢ͧóս˹觽§ ͧԴҡѤ㨢ͧóշͧ

          - ؤŨդ١ѹѹеͧѺԴ͡ѹ šоҳԪ ˹ 2 С Ǥ Դҡѭ (Contract) Դҡѭ ͹Ե˵ Դ (Delict) Ԥ (Undue Enrichment) СèѴçҹ͡ (Manage Without mandate) 繵 ҧá ͧҡѭҵкѺþѲҨҡкѹ (Romanistic Civil Law System) 觶ѭҨԴբ鹵ͧСͺ͹Ӥѭ (Formation of Contract) ѧ仹

            1. ਵҡ͹Եѹҧѭͧ¢ (Intention) ѭҵͧСͺºؤŵͧ¢ ؤ§ǨʴਵҡԴѭ

            2. ѭҵͧзѤ (voluntary) ¶֧ ʴਵԴҡö١ ͡ũͩ

            3. ѭҵͧդö㹡÷ѭҧó (capacity)

           4. աʴਵҵͧçѹ ԴҡԹ㨢ͧѭҷͧ (consensus ad idem) ѭҨԴͤʹ (offer) Фʹͧ (acceptance) ١ͧçѹСԴѭҢ

           5. ѵػʧͧѭҵͧͺ¡Ÿ еͧöؼ

     駹ͧҡѹ鹰ҹӤѭѺԹͧѭҷͧ (consensus) ǢͧѺʴਵҢͧóաǤ ਵѹ͹ (subjective intent) ਵ¹͡ (objective intent) ѹ躹鹰ҹͧɮҴҾ㹡ʴਵѡѡԷͧʴਵ (The Doctrine of Freedom of contract and Autonomy of Will) ؤҾ㹡ʴਵҵѡͧҾ㹡÷ѭ (Freedom of Contract) ѡࡳкؤŹöԴԵѹҧѭҢеਵҢͧʧͧѭ ѡҾҧóѭҷС˹ٻẺ Դ Ңͧѭ ¡ʴਵҷѭҷԴҡѡҾͧؤŹդѡԷ ֧ѭҷ Ӣ鹶١ѧѺ仵ਵҷѭ鵡ŧѹ ǤԴѺѡѡԷͧʴਵ (Autonomy of Will) ѡࡳѺѺ "ؤҾ㹡÷ѭҧá觵繻ª赹ҡش" ֧͡ö˹Եѹѹҧ ԴѭҷռźѧѺҧó ¡ʴਵФԹͧó ͻª觤ó »Ȩҡá᫧ͧѰ ҺҷѴͤʧºŸѹբͧЪҪ ... 150 ѧԵ "ѭҷӢóռźѧѺ" (Pacta Sunt Servanda) ѭҴѧǨж١¹ŧ¤ѭաԹ3

     ѭѵҵ 457 觻šоҳԪ ĪҸԹͧѰ㹡÷͡仢Ѱӡҧ˹ҧ ͧǡѺë͢·еͧǢͧѺѰ͡仢Ѱ¹ë͢ѧѾѧѾ쪹Դ С÷ѭҫ͢·ѾԹѧ ͧ˹ѧШ¹;ѡҹ˹ҷ ԩй鹨е ҵ 456 觻šоҳԪ4

     ;ԨóҵǺҵ 457 ҤĪҸ 駼 µͧ͡ҡѹͧ Ǥ դĪҸ ͡Ф ÷衮¡˹蹹 ͤ繸ФҤ ͧ§ѹҧмҼ㴨еͧ繤͡ ੾мѡҧҼѺԹҤҷѾԹǷͨеͧ͡Թ ĪҸա ҧá ѭѵԢͧҵ 457 觻š оҳԪ躷ѭѵԷǡѺʧºŸѹբͧЪҪ ѭҨ˹Ѵǹ͡ĪҸѴǹҧ ͡ 60 ǹ͡ 40 Ҩ˹㴽˹繼͡ĪҸ5

     ͺѭѵҵ 457 觻šоҳԪ 衮Ǵ¤ʧºŸѹբͧЪҪ ѭöŧԴἡᵡҧѹ






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